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static website creation with aws ec2 instance - nginx server - ssl installation - ssl redirection
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static website creation with aws ec2 instance - nginx server - ssl installation - ssl redirection

_Here in this tutorial, we are now
_

=====> creating an aws account and provision an ec2-instance(linux)

======> you should have a domain name or register one with amazon rooute 53, if you have one, we are creating a hosted zone in aws and pointing to our ec2 instance

=======> installing nginx and creating virtual host for our domain

===========> installing lets encrypt and install ssl for our site and use one redirection to forward all traffic to https.

-------------------------------/////---------------------------------------

  1. Create an aws account in free tier basis
  2. provision ec2 instance

https://docs.aws.amazon.com/efs/latest/ug/gs-step-one-create-ec2-resources.html

  1. Open following ports in the security groups

22 for ssh

80 for http

443 for https

  1. save the pem file in your local system to access the ec2 machine(server)

  2. ssh [email protected] -i my.perm

use your own perm file here.

  1. sudo su -

// for granting root access

  1. yum update -y
  2. yum install nginx -y
    It will install nginx for the amazon AMI linux machine
  3. service start nginx
  4. chkconfig nginx on
  5. The default location for nginx configuration is /etc/nginx

Default nginx configurationfile is /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Domain part

Go to amazon aws console >> Route 53 >> add your hosted zone for your domain.

Add A entry for domain.com and www.domain.com with the ec2 instance ip address

MAKE SURE THAT YOU HAVE USED THE SAME AMAZON NAME SERVERS IN THE REGISTRAR END

Now the website is pointing to our ec2 instance

Then come back to ec2 section.

By default, nginx will load the configuration files present in the /etc/nginx/conf.d/

so, we can create a configuration file(virtual host entry for our website).

if you want to host more websites;

----> go to /etc/nginx

-----> create a folder called sites-enabled
mkdir sites-enabled

and create our domain configuration file in it.

add the exact below virtual entry for get to working

server {

listen 80; ----------------------------> for listening to port 80

listen [::]:80;-----------------------------------> for ipv6 connections

root /home/sample/;-------------------------> your website files location

index index.html index.htm index.php;

server_name sample.com www.sample.com; ---------------------> replace with your domain name

location / {

try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

}

}

then check if nginx conf is fine or not

nginx -t

it will return the status code ok

restart nginx

service nginx restart

summary

So, now your domain sample.com is pointed to our ec2 instance via route53 in aws and we have configured nginx virtual entries for our webiste

CALL sample.com in your web browser, you will see the index.html page you have set up in /home/sample/

HTTPS part

As Lets encrypt is giving free ssl, we can get advantage of it.

install Lets encrypt on our server from github

yum install python27-devel git ---------------> install git on our server
git clone https://github.com/letsencrypt/letsencrypt /opt/letsencrypt --------> clone the git repository with a folder on our server

/opt/letsencrypt/letsencrypt-auto --debug -----> this will install Lets encrypt

DURING INSTALLATION, IT WILL ASK FOR

domain name

email address

and it will edit the configuration file in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled automatically and will place the cert files there.
You can visit the conf file now and you will see the certbot have entered the 443(ssl) section automatically

Redirect

if you want to redirect all traffic to ssl version of the website

put the redirection code block after the 443(ssl) block
server {
listen 80;
server_name sample.com www.sample.com;
rewrite ^ https://www.sample.com_uri? permanent;
}

Restart nginx now

Then access sample.cm, it will redirect to https://www.sample.com

========================The end=======================================

Thanked by 1yomero

HOSTORBITS | Managed Hosting solutions| Shared & Reseller Hosting
Cloud VPS| KVM VPS | FREE SSL | Worldwide DC Locations | 24/7 Support

Comments

  • FHRFHR Member, Provider

    I would like to point out that you can use S3 + CloudFront for static website hosting.

    Thanked by 1redalertrox

    SkylonHost - affordable hourly-billed KVM VPS in Prague, CZ!
    Featuring own high performance network AS202297 | RIPE NCC member | Contact us for IPs/ASNs

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